Vliv ženské fyziologie na sportovní výkon
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Hormonal contraceptives and sport performance
Hormonal contraceptives have been first introduced to public six decades ago. Predominantly, its main purpose was to help women prevent an unwanted pregnancy. In the beginning, these pills were perceived as a great revolution with the immense interest from women. However, over the years, their main purpose of used changed along with its different forms.
Puberty and hormonal profile
From the onset of puberty (11th – 15th year) physiological and morphological changes between boys and girls occur. They are triggered by the influence of the sex steroid hormones, androgens (testosterone), progesterone and oestrogen (Knudtson & McLaughlin, update in 2019). Other hormones such as luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone, also play an important role in the sex-related areas and increases the physiology gap (Marques et al., 2018), picture 1.